When Dave Evans, founder of Vovo Telo (a restaurant chain), noticed that a humble local ice tea brand by the name of BOS was outselling Coca-Cola in his artisanal bakeries – his interest was piqued.
It was the start of a love affair with the brand that saw him join the company – BOS Brands – in 2011 as investor and CEO. At the time the rapidly growing ice tea category was forecast to contribute 20% of the total global soft drink market growth over the following five years, growing to 52bn litres by 2018 (a projection the category looks set to exceed). Recognising the massive potential in the ice tea category, which was stealing market share from more sugary carbonated drinks in Europe and the US, Evans set to work.
The small team then included serial entrepreneur Grant Rushmere and rooibos farmer Richard Bowsher (BOS’ original founders) along with marketing director, Marié van Niekerk. Together they set out to capitalise on the brand’s appeal. Five years down the line, BOS is South Africa’s fastest-growing soft drink with almost 14% of the local ice tea market in the bag. The brand has also successfully expanded abroad. Over the past three years BOS has seen consistent offshore growth in excess of 100% per year with more than 30% of BOS’ sales now based in Europe and further afield.
The story of how this small local company struck it big is one of high-touch marketing, strong partnerships and strategic investment – making it the prefect case study for other South African businesses wanting to follow a similarly ambitious path.
Standing out from the crowd
Rushmere had gained valuable insight from his exposure to the inner workings of Red Bull’s marketing mechanics (he sold his previous company Afro Café to Red Bull in 2007). His keen appreciation of the value of a well-managed brand and his mastery of the techniques required to achieve the requisite levels of clarity and simplicity, contributed to the building of an iconic and engaging brand. Despite its range of health benefits, BOS’ stand-out identity, and tongue-in cheek humour (unusual in the category) are the ultimate sources of its unique appeal.
Unlike most ice teas, all of BOS’ products are made from organic rooibos extract, which is high in natural anti-oxidants, and all-natural fruit flavours and is free of preservatives and colourants. BOS is also lower in sugar than the vast majority of its soft drink competitors. But for Dave and the BOS team, these natural credentials have always been the back story. The team intentionally chose to “hide them on the back of the can”, putting BOS’ equally unusual, fun and accessible personality front and centre.
The brand’s early, and memorable, marketing efforts were quirky, and contained BOS’ signature playfulness. In 2012, the team built a vending machine named Bev who dispensed free ice tea in exchange for tweets, launching the simple social media marketing concept at the Design Indaba in Cape Town. Giraffes on bicycles put free cans of BOS in the hands of perplexed bystanders on the streets of Amsterdam, Antwerp and beyond. Swimmers donning shark fins pop up with the beverage from the waters of local Cape Town beaches. In addition to presence at music festivals, cycle races and other fun and healthy events, BOS gets plenty of exposure from stunts like these, which van Niekerk refers to collectively as “marketing moments of joy”.
Adopting a strategic approach to expansion
BOS Brand’s tagline, ‘Not just an ice tea’, reflects the team’s emphasis on broadening the brand’s appeal into allied categories including sports drinks and cocktails (with recipes listed on BOS’ website). Despite the market breadth that these product extensions provide, BOS continues to find itself butting up against the limitations of the local market. South Africa’s current ice tea consumption of one litre per person annually, is a sixth of the European average and does not provide the scale required to meet BOS’ ambitious revenue targets. Fortunately, the personalities and experience, ambitious mindsets, and global exposure of BOS’ founders and their broader team have resulted in the network and knowledge to recognise and actively develop opportunities abroad.
The appeal of their Rooibos-based product and fun, healthy brand is well aligned with global trends and tested positively with consumers in key markets. Hardly surprising as the BOS business model and brand were built for global appeal from the beginning. The key questions for Dave and his team have more often been “where” than “when”. The team initially considered the pros and cons of expanding into the rest of Africa, as well as the US, Europe, Japan, and China, based on the possible volume and margin opportunities these regions presented.
However, despite the fact that the rest of Africa encompasses many fast-growing economies and a burgeoning consumer class, they decided against this market as the ice tea category (and related product knowledge) there is limited. After gaining a solid foothold in South Africa and neighbouring countries, BOS ventured into Europe in 2013. The team was more connected in Europe than they were in the US, based on their existing network of partners including suppliers, investors and other business contacts. To facilitate a smooth expansion they leveraged their networks, specifically with the HORECA (hotels, restaurants, and cafes) trade in Belgium, then the Netherlands and more recently France, Spain and further afield.
Evans explains that launching the brand in smaller countries first allowed them to contain the risk of both failure and success. In addition, the cultural and language similarity between the Netherlands and Belgium provided fertile ground to begin the internationalisation process.
BOS’ initial (and growing) presence in these two launch markets spurred demand in nearby countries. They expanded into key cities in Sweden and Switzerland next, and after about 18 months, distribution in the Netherlands and Belgium was opened up to include retail outlets. More recently, an invitation to list at Albert Heijn – one of the Netherlands’ largest supermarket chains with 878 stores located across the country – has added significant retail presence for the brand in Europe.
Starting off on the right foot
BOS’ presence in six European countries has little to do with luck. Their business model and brand were designed for internationalisation from the get-go. The company is part of a growing club of ‘born global’ firms – businesses that are created with the intention of internationalising soon (generally within three years) of commencing operations.
Crucially, its investors all brought into this approach from the start. The team’s vision for a global iced tea brand came off the back of solid market research, strong experience in the beverage and hospitality spaces and a keen understanding for what consumers really want. The founding team was able to leverage their initial investments and eventually lock in investment from respected venture capital firm Invenfin as well as additional individual investors. CEO Dave Evans and investor Jaime Gubbins were the initial angel investors to come on board, followed by Invenfin and former Manchester United Football Club coach Sir Alex Ferguson, all of whom supported the global vision of the brand.
The BOS team’s metered, brand-first approach, and the huge amount of effort, time and attention it took to build their networks and relationships, both in South Africa and Europe, is now evident in the global interest in BOS’ unique Rooibos-based products. It’s clear this is not just an(other) ice tea. BOS has the making of an iconic South African export and a brand we can be proud of as it takes share of restaurant fridges and supermarket shelves in Europe and beyond.
Chris Human is a former MBA student and Geoff Bick is Professor of Marketing at the UCT Graduate School of Business. This article is based on an award-winning case study written by Human and Bick on BOS Brands in 2016. Their study forms part of a larger strategy at the GSB to create more locally relevant case studies as teaching tools for Africa’s burgeoning entrepreneurial talent.